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Author Topic: 19 MAY 1836: CYNTHIA ANN PARKER CAPTURED BY COMANCHES  (Read 28 times)
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PzLdr
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« on: May 19, 2020, 11:50:48 pm »

Her extended family were some of the early settlers on the Texas frontier. But on this date in 1836, their 'fort' was attacked by Comanche Indians and their allies, and both her parents killed. Cynthiua Ann Parker, then a child was taken by the raiders, and wound up a captive [slave] of the Comanche.

Eventually, she was adopted and married into the tribe, marrying an up and coming chief named Peta Nokoma, and bearing him at least two sons and a daughter.

And there it might have ended. But some two decades later, Cynthia Ann Parker was in a Comanche village attacked by U.S. cavalrymen, and since she was white, she was taken, along with her daughter back to the Parker family. She refused to assimilate, repeatedly tried to escape, and when her daughter died, she starved herself to death.

And it might have been a footnote to history, except one of her sons, Quanah was the war chief of the Kwahadi Comanche, the "Antelope People" of the Staked Plains, and fought several notable engagements with the Whites, including the Second battle of Adobe Walls, and the Red River War [against Ranald Mackenzie].

When Quanah surrendered, he was able to accomodate the comanches on the Ft. Sill reservation to such a degree, he was acknowledged as the tribal chief. Quanah had his mother disinterred and re-buried on the reservation. He also took her surname, and has come down to us as Quanah Parker. During his life after the surrender, Quanah Parker participated in Teddy Roosevelt's inauguration, brought the case that went to the Supreme Court allowing Indians to use peyote as part of their religious rituals, and insisted his children attend school and learn English. He refused, however, to give up either his braided hair, or his several wives.

Periodically both sides of Cynthia Ann's family have a joint reunion, as well as separate ones. Quanah is buried next to his mother.
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