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Author Topic: GOLIAD - 1836  (Read 69 times)
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« on: March 27, 2018, 10:00:41 am »

The Texas revolution against Antonio de Lopez y Santa Ana was blessed with Sam Houston as its military commander. It was hamstrung by the usual plethora of backstabbing weasely politicians. But it was cursed by two military subordinates who disobeyed orders, and paid for thast disobedience with not only their lives, but with those of their men.

William Barrett Travis and James Fannin couldn't have been more different in temprament. Travis was reckless, and aggressive. Fannin was indecisive. But both found it in themselves to disobey the orders they were given by their commander, Sam Houston; orders that conveyed the same message: "Retreat".

Houston had no intention of holding San Antonio de Behar and the Alamo. Goliad, where Fannin commanded was far more important. But Fannin, faced with an enemy force some three times plus larger than his, under Santa Ana's chief lieutenant, General Urrea, dithered. First he contemplated rushing to the rescue of Travis, trapped in the Alamo and surrounded by Santa Ana's main force [Santa Ana had forced marched a large force through northern Mexico in the dead of winter to arrive on the Texans front porch, as it were, with no knowledge that he was coming, let alone that he was there]. He had then split his forces, sending Urrea to Goliad while he invested the Alamo [Santa Ana would split his forces again, with MUCH less satisfactory results, just before the battle of San Jacinto].

By the time Fannin made up his mind to fall back, it was too late. Urrea surrounded him, and brought him to battle. Fannin was defeated and he and some 300 of his men surrendered on March 19th, expecting, perhaps, to be treated as prisoners of war.

But Santa Ana had decreed that those Texicans who took up arms against Mexico were traitors, and were to be executed. And on March 27, 1836, Urrea carried out that order against over 400 Texans [Fannin's men, plus some 100 odd other captured Texans]. His men killed them all.

Goliad, along with the Alamo catalyzed the Texans. In less than a month, THEY attacked Santa Ana, and his main body at San Jacinto. In some 20 minutes they had crushed Santa Ana's army. With Santa Ana's capture, they won their independence.

You can get more with a smile, a handshake and a gun than you can with a smile and a handshake - Al Capone
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