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Author Topic: THE NUCLEAR AGE DAWNS. OVER HIROSHIMA  (Read 55 times)
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PzLdr
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« on: August 06, 2017, 10:40:54 am »

By the time U.S. troops landed on Saipan, the "key" to Japan's inner defensive ring, and then Tinian and Guam, even the Japanese realized they weren't going to defeat the United States in the conventional military sense of the word. and with good reason. By the end of 1944, ALL of Japan's aircraft carriers would be sunk, one of her two super battleships would be below the waves [MUSASHI], and the effectiveness of her airpower was reduced to suicide attacks on U.S. ships.

So a new approach was needed, and the Japanese opted for attrition. They based their defensive plans on inflicting massive losses on U.S. forces while fighting largely defensive battles from built up lines of fortifications. Gone would be the serial 'Banzai" charges of Guadalcanal, and the suicidal counterattacks at the earliest moment. the Japanese, rather, would wait for the Americans until after they landed and then fight an almost purely defensive battle, seeking to kill and wound maximum numbers of Americans while selling their own lives [and they knew they were where they were to die] dearly.

The new 'strategy' appeared, on an ad hoc basis, in the Philippines, especially in Manila, when an Admiral subordinate to General Yamash*ta disobeyed a direct order to leave Manila an open city, fighting to the last man [with the de rigeur ritual suicide when all was lost], and resulting in Yamash*ta's execution of the act after the war.

The policy became formalized in the next two major U.S. operations, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. It was here, especially on Okinawa that the Japanese strategy was both apparent, and utilized to full effect. For aside from the Japanese troops dug in on the Shuri line, Okinawa utilized not only swarms of Japanese Kamikaze pilots to attack naval units, but also involved the novelty [as it were] of a Kamikaze battleship. YAMATO, the world's largest battleship was sent on a one way run to Okinawa with a light cruiser and seven destroyers, where she was to ground herself, and act as  fire support for the Japanese Army. She was spotted and sunk by U.S. naval airpower well away from the island.

But the defense of both Iwo Jima and Okinawa resulted in horrendous casualties, for both sides. the U.S. losses on Iwo were in excess of 7,000 dead. On Okinawa they were some three times higher. and the Japanese lost some 100,000 troops on Okinawa.

So did the new strategy work? Yes and No. Under the Japanese concept, the punishing U.S losses would force the U.S. to seek a negotiated peace. The other part of that strategy involved the U'S's ally, and signer of a Non-Aggression pact with Japan, the U.S.S.R.

Japan began to solicit the U.S.S.R to act as an intermediary in starting peace talks with the U.S. Not only did the Soviets refuse to do so, they announced their intention to cancel the non-aggression agreement [Japan was unaware Stalin had promised the Americans to attack Japan 90 days after the end of the war in Europe. And the Japanese had failed to realize that their strategy, while daunting the Americans about a seaborne invasion of Japan, did not result in a U.S refusal to do so, but, rather , caused the Americans to consider alternate means to force a Japanese surrender. Air bombardment was largely ruled out, because Curtis Lemay had reduced almost every major city in Japan to cinders. Protracted naval interdiction of Japanese supply lines was pushed by the Navy, but did not promise immediate results. And then there was the atomic bomb.

The Atom bomb [there were two types, a uranium bomb and a plutonium bomb], was the result of a scientific effort called the Manhattan Project. And by summer of 1945, the bomb had been tested, and two operational bombs, 'Little Boy' [uranium], and 'Fat Man' [plutonium] were ready to go. And when Japan refused yet another U.S. call to surrender, the new President, Harry Truman, who had been unaware of the Manhattan Project's existence until he had taken office, authorized the bomb's use on Japan.

'Little Boy' was then transported to Tinian by U.S.S INDIANAPOLIS, where in the earlymorning of August 6, 1945, it was loaded onto the B-29 'ENOLA GAY', commanded by Col. Paul Tibbetts. Tibbetts was one of the Army Air Corps most experienced bomber pilots, having flown in Europe before transferring to the Pacific, and he and his crew had been training for use of the A-bomb for months.

ENOLA GAY lifted off around 0230, and reached Japan some six hours later. The primary target being obscured by cloud cover, Tibbetts headed for his secondary target, Hiroshima.

Hiroshima was one of the chief anchorages for what was left of the Imperial Japanese Navy. It was also the command center for the defense of the southern Japanese defense zone [including the island of Kyushu, the proposedlanding site for Operation Olympic], and the chief debarkation/embarkation port for troops from the Asian mainland into Japan, and then on to Kyushu. In sum, even exempting its war industries, it was a legitimate military target [generations of lefties to the contrary]

Within ten minutes of ENOLA GAY's arrival,a good portion of Hiroshima was a smoldering wasteland. The immediate casualties were horrific enough [the long term casualties from radiation poisoning were worse], and yet, Japan refused to countenance surrender, despite the fact that their attrition strategy had not yet worked.

It took a second bomb, on Nagasaki, coupled with a Soviet declaration of war, and blitz of Manchuria, the Korean peninsula and the Sakhalin islands to bring Japan to its knees, and agree to surrender on 15 August.

So did the Japanese strategy work. In a sense, Yes. It forced the Americans to look for an alternate method [to amphibious landings] to bring the Japaneseto the point of surrender. But it failed in the sense that the alternative the U.S found was not the negotiations the Japanese expected, but, rather, another method to force a surrender.

But, in one sense, the Japanese 'won'. The U.S. had been demanding 'unconditional surrender' of the Axis powers since 1943. That position was adhered to in the surrenders of Italy and Germany. But in the case of Japan, the Japanese wrung one concession out of the Americans. Hirohito kept his throne.
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jafo2010
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« Reply #1 on: August 06, 2017, 06:31:53 pm »

Perhaps the greatest decision made by a president in our history.  My view, if it meant saving one Allied life, it was worth it.  The projections for an invasion of Japan was 1 million Allied casualties.  1 MILLION DEAD OR WOUNDED!

And the liberal revisionists would have you believe it was not necessary.  Fact is, Japan successfully tested a nuclear weapon in Korea.  And Japan had been testing biological weapons in China and planned an eight engine bomber that would have a range that would reach halfway across the continental USA.  Had Japan had just six more months, the whole outcome of the war could have been altered.

There are people today, per a History Channel program, still dying in China as a result of the bio weapons unleashed by Japan upon China. 

Finally, the USA is completely on the wrong side of the dispute between Japan and China, which still exists today.  Japan murdered 40 million Chinese during World War II.  China suffered more in terms of loss of citizens than any other country.  I have no love for Japan.  NONE!

My father fought in the Pacific during WWII, and he went to his death without ever uttering a single word to me regarding the war.  He refused to talk about it.  He was at Saipan, which was horrendously bloody for our troops, Okinawa, Leyte Gulf and Luzon, as well as two other landings.  He drove a landing craft, and I know he saw hundreds, if not thousands of USA dead as he drove his craft to the beaches.

Japan has NEVER answered for what they did to China.  That day will come one day in the future.  And in my humble opinion, it would be criminal for American politicians to send Americans to their death defending Japan.  What is truly sad is that 98% or higher in America are clueless about history from any period, let alone WWII era.  The young today are lucky they can find their posterior to wipe when needed.  Uggh.  America could not be dumber if it tried.  Sad!

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